Religion in the Balkans

This map gives a general idea of religion across the region.

Map of Balkans with religions

- Red areas are predominantly Catholic,
- Dark purple areas are predominantly Orthodox,
- Yellow areas are predominantly Sunni Muslim,
- Light blue areas are predominantly Reformed
- Light purple areas are predominantly the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople (part of the Orthodox church).

According to information from Operation World’s website (, in all of the countries in the Balkan region, except Bulgaria and Romania,  less than 1% of the population are evangelical Christians.

Economic & social challenges in the Balkans

- 8 of the 10 poorest countries in Europe are in the Balkans. (*1)
- There is widespread corruption within the Balkans. (*2)
- According to the EU, 200 000 women were trafficked into the worldwide sex trade through the Balkans in 2003. (*3)
- There are continued ethnic tensions within the region, with ongoing disputes over land, borders, and names. (*4)

1 – info from CIA World Factbook (
2 –
3 –
4 – For current news from the region, see